1) Origin and residence time of elements in the ocean. Nutrient distribution and dynamics. The role of the biota and the oceanic transport 2) Carbon cycle: organic matter production and mineralization. Regulation of the Biological pump 3) Absorbtion of anthropogenic CO2 by the Ocean. Ocean acidification: their impact 4) Biogenic carbonate production and export: perspective from Phanerozoic until now 5) Climate and currents changes in the last 100Ma and the evolution of phytoplankton 6) Oceanographic changes as response to rapid carbon cycle modification at the end of Paleocene (PETM as analogy to human perturbation) 7) Changes in climate, currents and in the CO2 during glacial cycles. Role in the heat transport of the Earth 8) Monsoon intensity variations and consequences on nutrient cycles and marine productivity.
It would be preferable previous familiarity with ecological and marine geology and ecology concepts and fundaments
Ability to interpret the processes and changes in marine geochemistry, the spatial and temporal patterns in time series as WOCE
Identify the mechanisms changing the concentration and distribution of elements in the ocean and time response
Identify and interpretation of biological pump related functioning
Identify the processes responsible of anthropogenic CO2 sink in the oceans
Interpretation of past oceanographic changes
Develop the capacity to use past change knowledge to predict future global change